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Depending on the family they are part of, the passion flower plants can have several characteristics. The specie which grows in Italy has specific ones because it has to resist to the rigid temperatures of winter, most of all in the northern areas. The common feature is that passion flowers are hermaphrodites and their structure is really particular. Pollination is made by insects which are attracted by specific designs on the flowers. Fruits are typical berries full with very small seeds. It is a symbol for religious purposes but not depending on the plant’s look.
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The ideal location for a passion flower plant is a soil very rich with organic substances and sand. It does not like heavy soils or full of clay because its roots cannot grow easily through those mixtures. If you are growing it in a vase, it has to be repotted at least once a year adding new soil to the old one. A sunny spot is ideal for the plant to grow florid and during the summer it can be left outside, because it handles hot temperature without stress. Before reproducing the plant you will have to place the seeds in hot water for a while because the empty ones will come to surface and they will not grow. When you are ready to plant them, use a good soil mixture and keep it humid. When new plants will be grown enough you can repot them and place them in their almost final location.
Passion flowers do not need a lot of care as long as you follow some simple procedures. They will need to be fertilized every two weeks during the spring and the hot season, with a solution containing all the substances that the plants will need such as minerals and other nutrients. Ask for help to know the specific elements. Watering should be frequent and regular during the warm and hot seasons, but you can reduce it during the winter when the plant will rest.
Trimming is a procedure which will be performed between February and March when the plant is about to wake up and start preparing for blooming. You will have to cut the branches, removing the dry ones. Be careful not to create open areas for parasites to attack. Aphids and cochineals, or red spiders are enemies which will have to be fought with anti-parasites solutions and anti-fungal products. If you see yellow spots on the plant it has been attacked by a disease which needs to be treated specifically.