Graft

A graft is a method that is used to reproduce and multiply plants, or portions of plants. This allows the plant to be a single element, but divided in several ones. On a grafted plant there is always a lower part called root stock which can be considered a graft holder, and the upper side which is the scion. There are different ways to graft a plant, depending on the plant itself, and on the kinds of scions that we want to obtain.To be able to create a graft you will need shears, billhook, saw, wood mallet, hammer, wedges of wood, raffia or any other straw-like material. The followings are not tools per se, but being parts of the project to obtain a perfect graft, they can be considered as tool of the whole process: root stock and scion. The first one must be healthy and strong, but most importantly it has to fit the scion. Remember to use parts of the same plant you want to reproduce. Root stocks are young plants and when grafted, ... continua

Articles on: Graft


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      prosegui ... , they are the best choice for future plants. Scions is the most sensitive of the two components of a graft: until the joint is solid it has to be kept under control. It usually comes from very young branches without any sign of diseases.

      TIMEThe ideal period to graft your plants goes from July to September, usually. In some specific areas and depending on the plants, the graft can be done in May, if you want a graft to develop easily and faster. Remember to graft on the base of the plant if it is a bush-like plant, and on the top if you have to grant a tree.The most common grafts are made like this: create a cut on the bark following a T shape. Peel a little bit of bark without tearing. Then take the branch you want to graft and remove the sleeves, but keep the pimples. Cut a piece of branch and put it inside the cut you just did. Cover the part of the branch with the bark you previously peeled off, and eventually cover everything up fixing it with the raffia. The raffia should be wet enough, and it has to cover the graft for at least 2 cm. Leave the pimple outside. It is where the new plant will bud.Once the graft is done let it weld and get solid. It will take approximately a month before they recover from the operation. Usually you notice a bud as a sign of the result of your procedure. Sometimes, depending on the kind of graft you did, the pimple turns yellow and fall off, staying inactive for a while before budding a little bit later. If other buds appear next to the graft location, it can be dangerous for the growth of the bud itself, so get rid of them without damaging the surface.

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