Cultivation of phalaenopsis

Cultivation of phalaenopsis:


Phalaenopsis rhizomatous orchids are native to Asia, and very suitable for growing as houseplants. In spring and autumn they produce long flower stems, bearing 8-12 flowers. These plants are epiphytes, meaning that their roots do not sink into the ground, but into the residue of leaves and bark that can be found in nature in such places as between the branches of trees. In pots we use a specific soil for orchids, consisting of chopped vegetable fibres and pieces of bark and peat. To allow the roots to flourish, it is advisable to repot the phalaenopsis every 2-3 years, always using suitable soil, and avoiding containers that are too big. We should position our phalaenopsis in a well-lit area of the house, but avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, which could cause irreparable damage to the foliage and especially the flowers. Coming from the rainforests of Asia, phalaenopsis loves a hot and humid climate, so, especially during the summer and when the apartment is on the heating system, remember to water the soil regularly, so that it is kept slightly damp, but avoiding excess water. To further increase the ambient humidity you should also spray the leaves periodically with demineralised water, especially during the flowering period. Avoid wetting the petals of the flowers, which may be marked by water damage. To maintain a healthy root system, remember that the soil must be kept moist but not too wet, so to increase the humidity you can put your phalaenopsis in a tray with expanded clay, that you should keep constantly moist. Avoid cutting the flower stem of your phalaenopsis orchid once the buds are faded, because the next flowering will occur on the same stem. It may happen that this thin stem will wither, and in this case the plant will take many weeks to produce a new flower stem.

Phalaenopsis: A Monograph

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