The kiwi is a plant originally from China, which is well suited to cultivation in central and northern Europe. It is a vigorous climbing, deciduous plant, which needs a support to grow. It is therefore essential to put the plants near a wall, a wire or a trellis: as it is a very vigorous and luxuriant plant, prepare solid support structures, so that the heavy branches donít spoil them with the passing years.
Kiwi prefers semi-shaded positions, as they cannot stand prolonged drought, and it is also advisable to place them in a place that is not subject to strong winds, which, in addition to drying out the soil, can cause damage to the branches.
It is a dioecious plant, where the male and female flowers are separated on different plants, so to obtain the fruits it is therefore necessary to have some female specimens and at least one male specimen.
The growing medium should preferably be neutral or acidic. As they donít like calcium in the soil, before placing the seedlings enrich the soil with peat and manure, and also with small amounts of sand, which improves drainage.
Pruning is done after the harvest, in late autumn, removing the branches that have borne fruit. For very vigorous specimens it is also good to practise green pruning: after flowering, shorten the branches without buds or fruitlets in order to provide air throughout the canopy.
After planting out the young plants you should water the ground well, and later water only if and when the soil is dry, avoiding excesses.
During the summer months you should water more regularly.
To prevent overheating and to maintain moisture on the foliage of your plants it helps greatly to shelter the plants with shading nets during the warmer months of the year.