There are dozens of species of succulent plants that belong to the genus Euphorbia, originating in Central and South America, Europe and Africa. The succulents from the Euphorbia genus are usually from Africa.
These plants are of various kinds, from those with columnar branched development to round and sprouting kinds. They can generally be described as succulent with fleshy large stems, with non-prominent ribs and small leaves. The thorns are not always present, and they usually prefer the apex areas of the stems.
This genus of plants is often quite slow in growth. Some may reach several meters in height, while others tend to widen as they grow rather than gaining height.
These plants originate in arid climates, with minimal temperatures close to 12-15° C, so they should be grown indoors or in a temperate greenhouse. Most succulent Euphorbias can’t stand the cold, which causes rapid deterioration of the plant.
Watering is provided only during the period of vegetative growth, which runs from April to September. During this period, thoroughly wet the soil, leaving it to dry well between waterings.
Approximately once a month mix in with the irrigating water a specific fertilizer for succulent plants, poor in nitrogen and rich in potassium.
Euphorbias like to be grown in a bright place, but do not need too many hours of direct sunlight, so put them in sunlight only during the coolest hours of the day, avoiding full sun, which could be harmful.
They should preferably be propagated by cuttings, removing the apical parts of the stems, which should be left to dry for a few hours before burying them to make them root.